Campaigns and activities
The above mentioned legislation has already been applied.
According to the regulation 532/2002 there are defined tactile and colour markings and other measures concerning pavements, start and end of stairs, ramps, obstacles on pavements, entrances to important public buildings, crossings for pedestrians, acoustic traffic lights, platforms and stops, control panels and voice systems in lifts etc.
Implementation is only partial.
The Slovak Blind and Partially Sighted Union (UNSS) provides audits of projects documentation, participates on final building approvals, counselling and training. It is gradually voluntarily accepted by construction authorities- some of them requires its statements in official approval processes.
Penalties are not applied yet. There delays to final building approvals till required measures are applied.
Long canes, optical aids (telescopes), electronic aids (ultrasonic locators), GPS systems in mobile telephones.
Long canes are provided by health aids providers, optical aids
Are provided by optics, electronic aids are distributed by distribution company Tyflocomp s.r.o. – private company established by UNSS.
Yes, by UNSS
Long canes and optical aids are funded by health insurance on medical prescription with contribution of the client.
Electronic aids are funded by Labour, social affairs and family offices through the scheme defined by the act no. 447/2008.
Repairs maintenance of electronic aids is guaranteed through the same scheme as their funding.
Yes, by the Act 8/2009 about road transport the white cane is recognized as a symbol of a person with visual impairment. The act obliges all participants of the road transport to pay enhanced attention to those persons. Other functions and parameters of white canes are not defined by legislation. Sanctions are not defined, but, in case of accident the above mentioned statement of the act is taken in account.
Yes, but in a very limited proportion (mainly software and mechanical braillers). Visually impaired people and their organizations participate on formulation on needs, testing and sometimes on development (mainly software and its localization).
Training is provided in special schools and in the state rehabilitation centre for adult visually impaired on residential base. UNSS provides mobility training to persons of all ages, including pupils, students and elderly. They are provided individually (one client – one instructor).
Training of mobility instructors is provided by UNSS based on certificate of the Ministry of labour, social affairs and family according to the act 448/2008 about social services. It is mostly provided as on-the-job mobility training.
They are trained in special schools, in the rehabilitation centre for adult visually impaired and by UNSS (in individual training courses).
Specific support is provided in framework of the social rehabilitation by the above mentioned institutions. UNSS provides that support through its eight regional centres. It also trains professionals based on certificate provided by Ministry of labour, social affairs and family according to the Act 448/2008 about social services.
Yes. The training provided by UNSS is based on certificate of Ministry of labour, social affairs and family according to the Act 448/2008 about social services.
Yes, mostly by UNSS (campaigns, public presentations, press and media).
UNSS offers such trainings. In official education process of professionals it occurs in a very limited way, mainly for special teachers and exceptionally for social workers.