Campaigns and activities
The Constitution of the Russian Federation (Federal Law on Education dated 10 July 1992) states that every one in Russia has equal rights and equal access to education.
Blind and partially sighted children may follow their primary and secondary education, free of charge, in either mainstream governmental or special schools for the visually impaired, depending on their family's decision.
In both mainstream and special schools, the state guarantees the adaptation of programmes and facilities to meet the problems faced by these children.
All Russian citizens, including the visually impaired, have the right to, and may access all kinds of vocational training and lifelong learning. This is free of charge for the visually impaired.
People with disabilities have access to university education (free of charge) on an equal basis with other students. Some federal educational establishments allow blind applicants to receive education on a non-competitive basis. Blind people wishing to pursue post-university education have the right to get it free of charge as well.
Whether at schools, universities or in vocational training centers, visually impaired students are provided, free of charge or at a lower price, with all special training equipment to access educational materials in adapted formats (Article 3 Item 3 of the Federal Law on Education).
Teaching of compensatory skills made necessary by vision loss is provided in schools (for children) and in rehabilitation centers (adults).
In real practice, accessible text books and other educational material are provided by libraries for the blind and by several VOS Publication Centers (e.g LOGOS Publication Center of VOS, Moscow).
(The Federal Law -Article 5 Item 6- provides that the state should guarantee the rights of people with disabilities to education, correction and adaptation of their abilities on the basis of pedagogical science and special correction.)
This is not provided for by the Federal Law.