Campaigns and activities
A legal right to habilitation and rehabilitation services is set out within the following pieces of legislation: - Law on the Universal Body for Disability Examination
- Examination is conducted for the purpose of exercising rights in the field of social welfare, pension insurance, occupational rehabilitation and employment of persons with disabilities, maternity and parental benefit rights, protection of war and civilian victims of war, and for the purpose of establishing the psycho-physical condition of the child in exercising rights in the education system, as well as for the purpose of exercising rights in other areas in which the rights are exercised on the basis of findings and opinions of the expert body when it is prescribed by this Act or by a special regulation
- Depending on the procedures for exercising the right, one should contact the following institutions:
Croatian Pension Insurance Institute
- assessment of work ability
- determining percentage of impairment
- accessibility sign and reduced highway toll
- disability insurance benefits
- increased child allowance
Croatian Institute for Health Insurance
- for exercising the right to leave or half-time work due to care of a child with more severe developmental disabilities and the transfer of rights under the One-Parent Grants Act
Centre for Social Welfare
- personal disability allowance
- allowance for help and care (full and reduced scope)
- status of caregiver parent / caregiver status
- compensation until employment
- social services (help at home, psychosocial support, early intervention, inclusion assistance in education programs and regular education - integration, accommodation, organized housing)
State Administration Offices
- health care
- rights under the Law on Croatian Defenders and Civilian Victims of War (accessibility sign, level of orthopaedic allowance, need for care of another person etc.)
Requests for enforcement of inclusion assistance in education programs and regular education - integration, accommodation, organized housing are submitted to Centre for Social Welfare. Law on Elementary School and High School Education
All rights are set out by the Law on Professional Rehabilitation and Employment
All rights are set out by the Social Welfare Act
Requests for enforcement are submitted to Centre for Social Welfare.
This right is set out by the Law on Compulsory Health Insurance
See answer to 1
See answer to 1
There are no policies on developing peer support for habilitation and rehabilitation
Blind and partially sighted persons who are members of their local Association of the blind (27 local associations in Croatia) are invited to participate in the development of policies and standards through voicing their opinion and sharing experience.
See answer 1
See answer 1
Eligibility is determined through the process of examination, set out by the Law on the Universal Body for Disability Examination
Habilitation and rehabilitation services are provided by the Centre for Education “Vinko Bek”; Center “Silver”; Daily Center for Rehabilitation of Children and Youth “Mali dom”.
With an exception of psycho social support in the family (as a follow up of rehabilitation process), services are provided centrally in the capital City of Zagreb.
Services are funded by the government.
Services are not available for people older than 65.
Persons with visual impairments are informed about aids, technology and assistive devices through their local associations of the blind, family doctor and/or social welfare centre.
When purchasing the equipment and technology, depending on the complexity, the training is provided by the distributor of the technology.
Eligibility is determined according to the Law on the Universal Body for Disability Examination (see answer to 1)
Certain aids, equipment and technology are funded by the state within the Croatian Pension Insurance Institute, i.e. white cane, Braille watch, Plextalk audio device, Braille Perkins machine (students exclusively), Braille note taker (students exclusively). Other aids and technology is available for purchase and paid for by the users.
Equipment covered by the insurance is limited to certain brands.
Officially the only institution providing training for professionals (mobility and orientation, daily-living skills, Braille reading and writing etc.) is the Faculty of Education and Rehabilitation Sciences. However, young professionals, when starting to work in institutions specialized in providing services to people with VI, receive internal (non-formal) training from those institutions, because in practice they cannot work only with diploma from the Faculty. Institutions providing services to people with VI are: Center Vinko Bek (primary and secondary school for blind children, department for rehabilitation of adults who lost sight later in life etc.), Center Silver (providing services for orientation and mobility, sensory integration, training for guide dogs), Day Care Center for Rehabilitation of Children and Young Adults „Mali dom“ (for children with visual impairments and multiple disabilities).
See answer above.
Professional training is a full study programme so it does incorporate human rights perspectives.
Yes, Croatian Blind Union represents both groups.
The conditions are in line with the standard definitions from the World Health Organization (WHO). These criteria are based upon testing of the vision with the Snellen chart.
I. category: Visual impairment - Moderate (Score: 1)
Worse than 6/18; 20/60 Equal to or better than: 6/60; 20/200
II. Category: Visual impairment - Severe (Score: 2)
Worse than 6/60; 20/200 Equal to or better than: 3/60; 20/400
III. Category: Blindness (Score 3)
Worse than 3/60; 20/400 Equal to or better than: 1/60; 20/1200
Counting fingers at 1 meter
IV. category: Blindness (Score 4)
Worse than 1/60; 20/1200 Equal to or better than: Light perception
Counting fingers at 1 meter
V. category: Blindness (Score 5)
- no light perception.
There is more flexibility in practice.
As the national umbrella organisation, Croatian Blind Union is continually advocating for better policies and standards through its contacts with the respective Ministries and other government bodies.
Actions are mostly aimed at advocating and lobbying with the respective Ministry of Social Welfare, Ministry of Health and Ministry of Education to recognise the right to rehabilitation as a complex process that involves all domains of everyday life.
Info channels include a website, free phone service 0800 666 665, newsletter, targeted campaigns.
See the answer above.
Regular cooperation with Croatian Institute of Public Health serves as the focal point for all initiatives gathering professionals in the field to prevent, inform and support people with visual impairment.
Croatian Blind Union is not directly involved.
Yes, the resource document is helpful as an overview of standards.
Support in convincing the government and respective Ministry of Health that persons that lost their sight later in life must be recognized and receive immediate rehabilitation service, as is the case with all persons with other forms of acquired disability.
Although the policies are in place, the rights are continually eroding, as there is insufficient infrastructure (primarily human resources) in place to provide the rehabilitation services for all those in need of it. The waiting lists are long and many people are “lost through the cracks” as there is lack of systematic approach.
Croatian Blind Union is continuing to pressure government bodies and ministries to designate the funds needed to establish Rehabilitation Centre for the blind and partially sighted persons.