Campaigns and activities
There are several acts and regulations ensuring the right to habilitation and rehabilitation. One of these covers all the areas below, the act relating to social security. Link to this law (Norwegian language):
and give links to further information for:
Act relating to municipal Health and care services, etc. [Health and Care Services Act] (English)
Act relating to special health services (second and third line of health services) (Norwegian):
Regulations concerning habilitation and rehabilitation (Norwegian)
Act relating to primary and secondary education [Education Act]
Blind and partially sighted people (reduced sight with at least 2/3) are entitled to assistive technology, aids and equipment paid for by the government. This is the same law that gives right to habilitation and rehabilitation in general: The act relating to social security (Norwegian language)
Blind and partially sighted people have the right to personal assistance in all aspects of community life, although there are limited numbers of hours in some areas. Laws and regulations are the same as above, the act relating to social security and the act relating to municipal Health and care services, etc. [Health and Care Services Act]. In addition Norway has a general law on discrimination and accessibility (Norwegian language) stating that the public part of a company, both private and public companies, have to be universally designed.
The policies are mostly incorporated in the laws and regulations. The regulations are divided in to several different layers and describes how the laws are to be interpreted. See the links above.
Yes. The act relating to municipal health and care services, etc. (Health and Care Services Act) Chapter 1. Purpose and scope Section 1-1.
Objectives of the Act states: The objectives of the Act are in particular to:
- prevent, treat and facilitate to cope with disease, injury, suffering and disabilities.
- promote social security, better living conditions for the disadvantaged, contribute to equal worth and gender equality and prevent social problems.
- ensure that each individual has the opportunity to live and dwell independently and to have an active, meaningful existence in fellowship with others.
- ensure the quality and equality of the services offered,
- Ensure coordination and that the services offered are available to patients and health care users and ensure that the services offered are adapted to the individual's needs.
- ensure that the services offered are organised with respect to the individual's integrity and dignity, and
- contribute to the best possible use of resources.
Yes. As a result of that, both the Norwegian association of the blind and partially sighted and the Norwegian association of the hard of hearing are granted money through the state budget to have and develop peer support.
The government develops these standards and policies. The organisations are included in the process, but not always as an equal partner. There are systems at both regional and national level to secure participation and representation in processes affecting the life of blind and partially sighted. These systems aren’t always as good as they should be.
Services provided by the government:
- Statped – this is a national service for special needs education made up for four regions and a main office located in Oslo.
- System for lending out assistive devices.
- NAV (Norwegian Labour and Welfare administration).
- Adult education. - Focal persons for visually impaired.
NABP provides the following services:
- Rehabilitation trainings at our rehabilitation centres.
- Home visits (for rehabilitations).
- Advocacy for improved services for the blind and partially sighted.
This is done by either the municipality or NABP.
- NABP, including at our rehabilitation centres.
- Eye departments at hospitals.
- Local and regional government.
Yes, services should be equal throughout the country. However, due to lack of competence and financial resources, there are disparities between the municipalities.
Free of charge.
- NAV (Norwegian Labour and Welfare administration)
- Ophtalmologists and opticians - NABP
This is the responsibility of the government. Some municipalities do a good job. However, many municipalities has lack of competence and financial resources. NABP provides rehabilitation and habitation training.
A tender system has been introduced, which has resulted in less options. Today, the visually impaired usually has the option between 2-3 assistive devices. Public officers (Hjelpemiddel-sentralen) should provide training. However, many lack relevant competence.
The government has support grants.
Those not granted funds by the government, can apply for support from NABP. NABP received many applications in this regards.
Assistive devices must be necessary and appropriate. They must fulfill the requirements of the WHO; that is with a vision acuity of less than 0,33.
NABP has programs where the visually impaired are assisted by other visually impaired people.
University/college; Bachelor degree. Yes, done on an individual basis.
- Live in Norway
- Be 14 years or above
- Must be partially sighted or blind
- Parents of visually impaired children
The Norwegian association of the blind and partially sighted is the main provider of rehabilitation services for adults in Norway. We run 3 rehabilitation centres and have a large group of peers supporting in different areas as daily life, labour and parenting. We have regular meetings with the authorities that govern the social security area. When new laws and regulations are proposed, we are involved either from the beginning or thru the consultation process. We have laws stating that those affected by the law are to be consulted prior to decisions are made. Despite these policies and regulations there is still some way to go before those who are in need of rehabilitation and those affected by decisions made by the authorities, are sufficiently included in the process.
Our organisation are doing all of the above.
- We are lobbying, we have regular meetings with the national authorities in the rehabilitation area
- We own and run 3 rehabilitation centres
- We have our own support services
- We are a part of the curriculum at the medical studies in Norway
- We help hospitals and medical offices throughout Norway provide information on rehabilitation to those who have sight problems.
- An information department with six employees.
- A desk to serve members
- Focal persons (for home visits) NABP also sends information to different health institutions.
see previous answer
- Target relevant offices
The most important and effective way to implement UNCRPD are if all organisations of disabled in Norway use the convention in their work and communication with the authorities and in their general communication. In doing this we will heighten the knowledge and make sure there is a constant focus on the UNCRPD. Norway hasn’t ratified the optional protocol to UNCRPD. If we could get help, convincing the government to do this, it would be a great help in implementing the convention.
- Improved referral systems
- Include data on visually impaired persons in the governments systematic registry on medical quality
- Ensure adequate competence on vision in all municipalities
see above answers