Montenegro - Article 27

Article 27

Measures to support employers
Measures to support workers with disabilities
Discrimination
Employment on the open labour market
Employment in the supported / sheltered sector
Employment in the public sector
Employment of blind and partially sighted women
Self-employment
Vocational rehabilitation and training
Incentive measures to employ workers with disabilities
Legal obligation to employ workers with disabilities
Vocational counselling
Main occupations performed by workers with a visual impairment
Looking for a job
Legal recognition of disabled worker status
Trade unions and workers with disabilities
 

Measures to support employers

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Measures to support workers with disabilities

The 2008 Disability Training and Employment Act introduced a quota system in Montenegro. Employers who do not meet the target must pay a contribution fee. In both the open labour market and the sheltered sector, disabled workers are entitled to receive 50% and up to 80% of an average full time salary in the form of allowances to supplement their income. A vocational and training and rehabilitation Fund was set up under this act, to enable disabled workers to further their training.

The 2008 Medical and Technical Regulation provides the blind with free of charge technical applicances including adapted watch, white cane, ultrasonic cane (of the deaf-blind), Braillor, audio player and recorder (cassette or CD) and audio computer display software. The visually impaired are also entitled to a monthly grant to hire a helper or guide.

Disabled workers are entitled to free health security and specific working conditions, the standard working period of 12 months is treated as amounting to 15 months. Disabled workers also receive a 50% discount on Montenegro Airline flights, as well as on many other national and local facilities.
 

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Discrimination

On 22nd July 2011 the Disability Discrimination Act was passed. This Act has not yet been fully implemented, particularly in the terms of the norms regarding the prohibition of discrimination of persons with disabilities at work.

The procedure of passing a new Disability Discrimination Act is in progress, and the Association of Youth with Disabilities of Montenegro has suggested a series of amendments, which, inter alia, imply better penalty provisions.

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Employment on the open labour market

The 2008 Disability Training and Employment Act introduced a quota system in Montenegro. Employers who do not meet the target must pay a contribution fee. Disabled workers are employed under standard conditions on the open labour and under specific conditions in the sheltered sector. In both the open labour market and the sheltered sector, disabled workers are entitled to receive 50% and up to 80% of an average full time salary in the form of allowances to supplement their income.
 

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Employment in the supported / sheltered sector

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Employment in the public sector

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Employment of blind and partially sighted women.

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Self Employment

One of the Fund for professional rehabilitation's activities is giving loans for self-employment of the persons with disabilities, with one-year grace period.

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Vocational rehabilitation and training

A vocational and training and rehabilitation Fund was set up under the 2008 Disability Training and Employment Act. This Fund is governed by a Council of 9 appointed members, 4 of which must be from disability organizations. The Fund enables disabled job-seekers to undergo vocational training and disabled workers to further their training.

The Fund also finances the equipping of the work place for employed persons with a contract for an indefinite period of time. This adjustment implies the purchase of the basic equipment for work, which is adjusted to the persons with disabilities. Also, the Fund provides subsidies to earnings for all employees with disabilities.
 

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Incentive measures to employ workers with disabilities.

Incentive measures can be found in the Labour Act.  Employers who do not meet the target must pay a contribution fee. Disabled workers are employed under standard conditions on the open labour and under specific conditions in the sheltered sector. In both the open labour market and the sheltered sector, disabled workers are entitled to receive 50% and up to 80% of an average full time salary in the form of allowances to supplement their income.

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Legal obligation to employ workers with disabilities

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Vocational counselling.

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Main occupations performed by workers with a visual impairment.

When speaking of persons with visual impairment and their employment, the most referred jobs are office jobs, which are carried out by working on the computer. In practice, those persons are mostly lawyers, when speaking of higher education. When speaking of high school education, those persons are administrative workers, telephonists or merchants. Also, a large number of persons with visual impairments choose professions such as of a masseur or physiotherapist.

The largest employers of the persons with visual impairments in Montenegro are still the NGOs, namely those which deal with the position of the persons with disabilities.  Besides them, there are a number of persons with visual impairments who are employed in national institutions, while private entrepreneurs don't often choose a person with visual impairment as an employee.

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Looking for a job

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Legal recognition of disabled worker status

The Labour Act recognizes the working ability and the equality of persons with disabilities and persons without disabilities in terms of working ability.

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Trade unions and workers with disabilities.

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