Czech Republic - Article 28

I - The resources and income of disabled people.

  1. Are there specific legislative procedures for disabled people to enable them to have a minimum of resources ?
  2. Do laws exist in your country to enable a minimum of resources for people who become disabled during their working lives ?

II - Disability compensation.

I –THE RESOURCES AND INCOME OF DISABLED PEOPLE.

A) An average of 70% of blind and seriously partially-sighted people of working age are unemployed. Are there specific legislative procedures for disabled people in your country to enable them to have a minimum of resources?

Yes

  • If yes: what are these allowances?

Disability Pension

Give specific details of the following aspects:

 

  • 1 Criteria of eligibility
  1. Age.

    - Minimum:
    18
    - Maximum:
    n/a

  2. Level of disability.
    Vision 6/60 and worse
  3. Nationality.
    No, eligibility depends on participation on social insurance
  4. Conditions of residence in the country.
    It is different for citizens from EU member states and the other states.

 

  • 2 Financial conditions.
  1. Ceiling.
    Yes
    - Is the allowance means-tested?

    No

  2. Calculation of financial conditions.

    - If the allowance is means-tested, state under what conditions.

    n/a

  • 3 Amount of the allowance.
  1. Normal rate.

    - What is the amount of the allowance given to people with no other income, state briefly how the allowance varies according to other income or resources.
     

    Approximately CZK 9,500 (EUR 380) a month. Usually it is not other income dependent.

  2. Reduction of the allowance.

    - State briefly under what circumstances the allowance may be reduced.

    Only upon a change in disability levels.

 

  • 4 Minimum wage and “poverty line”.

- In order to compare the situation in different EBU member states, please indicate the minimum wage (if this exists in your country) for a full-time worker, and what is considered to be “the poverty line”.

Minimum monthly gross wage for full-time job is CZK 8,000 (EUR 320). Such a limit is valid only for positions with lowest requirements. Higher tariffs apply for more demanding positions. On the contrary certain reductions apply for certain groups of people, including disabled people.

Subsistence for one person is CZK 3,126 (EUR 125).

  • 5 Payment of the allowance.

 - What are the organisations which calculate and attribute the allowance?

Czech Social Security Administration

  • 6 Tax treatment of allowances and fringe benefits.
  1. Tax. Is the benefit subject to tax?
    No
  2. Fringe benefits. Does this allowance accord any fringe benefits?
    No

B) Do laws exist in your country to enable a minimum of resources for people who become disabled during their working lives?

Yes

  • If yes : what is the name of the allowance ?

Specify by giving details of the following aspects:

 

  • 1 Criteria of eligibility
  1. Age.
    From age 18 onwards.
  2. Degree of disability.
    Three degrees depending on level of disability.
  3. Nationality.
    See above.
  4. Residency requirements.
    must be a permanent resident.
  5. Other conditions, please give details.
    Depends on duration of insurance and amount of income before disability

  • 2 Means test.

It does not depend on means test, it depends on level of reduction of ability to work

 

  • 3 Amount of the allowance.

See previous points.

 

  • 4 Attribution, payment of the allowance.

- Who attributes the allowance: State, local government, others, give details.

Czech Social Security Administration, in fact State

  • 5 Tax treatment of allowances and fringe benefits.
  1. Tax. Is the benefit subject to tax?
    No
  2. Fringe benefits. Does this allowance accord fringe benefits?
    No

II – DISABILITY COMPENSATION.

A visual disability (blindness or serious loss of sight) entails additional costs which must be met. Is there a specific allowance in your country to compensate for these costs?

Yes

  • If yes, give the name of this allowance and reply to the following questions.

Support for personal care.

  • 1 Eligibility conditions.
  1. Age.

    - Minimum:

    1 year of age.

    - Maximum:

    None

    - Duration of the allowance.

    Indefinite

  2. Degree of disability.
    The allowance does not directly depend on degree of disability, it depends on the number of daily activities for which the disabled person needs the help of another person.

  3. Nationality.
    EU Memeber state citizens.
  4. Conditions of residence in the country.
    3 months.
  5. Other conditions, give details.
    In the related Act there are 36 designated activities in which the help of another person may be required. The number of those activities indicate the financial level of  the support.

 

  • 2 Financial conditions.
  • 3 Amount of the allowance.

- What is the amount of the allowance?

From CZK 800 to 12,000 (EUR 32 to 480) per month. Blind people with no other handicap usually get either CZK 800 or CZK 4,000 (EUR 32 or 160) per month, i.e. the first or second level out of 4 existing.

 

  • 4 Attribution and payment of the allowance.

- Which organisations attribute and pay the allowance:
State, local authorities, please give details.

This allowance is attributed partly by municipal authorities and partly by state, and it is paid by state.

 

  • 5 Payment of the allowance.

Payment is distributed by municipal authorities but the money comes from state budget.

 

  • 6 Reduction of the allowance.

- State briefly under what conditions the allowance can be reduced.

n/a

 

  • 7 Tax system of the allowance and fringe benefits.
  1. Tax system.
    Is the allowance subject to tax?

    No
  2. Fringe benefits.
    Does the allowance offer fringe benefits?

    No


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