Slovakia - Article 28

I - The resources and income of disabled people.

  1. Are there specific legislative procedures for disabled people to enable them to have a minimum of resources ?
  2. Do laws exist in your country to enable a minimum of resources for people who become disabled during their working lives ?

II - Disability compensation.

I –THE RESOURCES AND INCOME OF DISABLED PEOPLE.

A) An average of 70% of blind and seriously partially-sighted people of working age are unemployed. Are there specific legislative procedures for disabled people in your country to enable them to have a minimum of resources?

Yes

  • If yes: what are these allowances?

Disability pension from youth provided to a person who became disabled when he/she was a dependent child.

Give specific details of the following aspects:

 

  • 1 Criteria of eligibility
  1. Age.

    - Minimum:
    18 years
    - Maximum:
    Upper limit is 26 years; above this age a person cannot be recognized as dependent child. If the disability pension from youth is attributed it is paid without any age limitation.

  2. Level of disability.
    there are required long-term unfavourable health conditions with reduced earning capability rate higher than 40% (This condition is met by partially sighted, legally blind and blind persons).
  3. Nationality.
    Eligibility and payment is independent of nationality.
  4. Conditions of residence in the country.

    Permanent residence in the country is required.

 

  • 2 Financial conditions.
  1. Ceiling.
    - Is the allowance means-tested?

    No

  2. Calculation of financial conditions.

    - If the allowance is means-tested, state under what conditions.

    n/a

  • 3 Amount of the allowance.
  1. Normal rate.

    - What is the amount of the allowance given to people with no other income, state briefly how the allowance varies according to other income or resources.
     

    n/a

  2. Reduction of the allowance.

    - State briefly under what circumstances the allowance may be reduced.

    n/a

 

  • 4 Minimum wage and “poverty line”.

- In order to compare the situation in different EBU member states, please indicate the minimum wage (if this exists in your country) for a full-time worker, and what is considered to be “the poverty line”.

The minimum wage is 317 €.

Poverty line is not officially defined.

According to law, the subsistence minimum for a natural person as recognized level of income under which he/she is in situation of material need as is defined 189,83 € for one adult person.

  • 5 Payment of the allowance.

 - What are the organisations which calculate and attribute the allowance?

Social insurance agency

  • 6 Tax treatment of allowances and fringe benefits.
  1. Tax. Is the benefit subject to tax?
    No
  2. Fringe benefits. Does this allowance accord any fringe benefits?
    Yes, if the beneficiary of the disability pension from youth is in situation of material need he/she can also receive an allowance related to the material needs.

B) Do laws exist in your country to enable a minimum of resources for people who become disabled during their working lives?

Yes

  • If yes : what is the name of the allowance ?

Disability pension (invalidity pension)

Specify by giving details of the following aspects:

 

  • 1 Criteria of eligibility

 

  1. Age.

    Disability pension can be attributed from 16 years to elderly pension age (62 years). If it has been attributed, it is paid also after elderly pension age.

    A minimum period of social insurance is required which is prolonged with age.

  2. Degree of disability.
    Requirements are long-term unfavourable health conditions with reduced earning capability rate higher than 40% (This condition is met by partially sighted, legally blind and blind persons).
  3. Nationality.
    Not dependent on nationality.
  4. Residency requirements.
    n/a
  5. Other conditions, please give details.
    n/a

  • 2 Means test.

Not means tested

 

  • 3 Amount of the allowance.

The amount of disability pension depends on income from which insurance was paid and how long it was paid.

At present the average disability pension is 250 - 350 €.

Other incomes like earnings do not influence disability pension, it is not reduced or cancelled due to that income.

 

  • 4 Attribution, payment of the allowance.

- Who attributes the allowance: State, local government, others, give details.

Social insurance agency from paid insurance fees and support from state budget.

  • 5 Tax treatment of allowances and fringe benefits.
  1. Tax. Is the benefit subject to tax?
    No
  2. Fringe benefits. Does this allowance accord fringe benefits?
    Yes.

II – DISABILITY COMPENSATION.

A visual disability (blindness or serious loss of sight) entails additional costs which must be met. Is there a specific allowance in your country to compensate for these costs?

No. Specific allowance to compensate the consequences of visual impairment do not exist.

There exist several allowances to compensate concrete consequences of disability of persons with minimal functional impairment rate of 50%.

Due to visual impairment it is possible to receive allowance for the following purposes:

 

  1. personal assistance
  2. purchase of aids
  3. repair of aids
  4. allowance to compensate increased deterioration of clothes, underclothes, shoes and furnishings
  5. allowance to compensate increased expenses related to care of gude dog

  • If yes, give the name of this allowance and reply to the following questions.

  • 1 Eligibility conditions.
  1. Age.

    - Minimum:

    From 3 years

    - Maximum:

    None

    - Duration of the allowance.

    No limitation if conditions of eligibility are fulfilled.

  2. Degree of disability.
    Minimal function impairment rate of 50% (met by partially sighted, legally blind and blind)
  3. Nationality.
    Not conditioned by nationality
  4. Conditions of residence in the country.

    For the Slovak citizen: permanent or temporary address

    For foreigners - registered permanent address in Slovakia

  5. Other conditions, give details.

 

  • 2 Financial conditions.

Allowances are means tested

 

  • 3 Amount of the allowance.

- What is the amount of the allowance?

Personal assistance - 2,63 per hour

Allowance to compensate increased deterioration of clothes, .. - 17,20 per month

Allowance to cover increased expenses related to care of guide dog - 42 € per month

Allowance to purchase aids is calculated as a percentage of the price depending on income. It ranges between 95 - 50 %. Persons with high income (more than 5 times subsistence minimum) are not eligible for this allowance.

 

  • 4 Attribution and payment of the allowance.

- Which organisations attribute and pay the allowance:
State, local authorities, please give details.

The State through the offices of labour, social affairs and family

 

  • 5 Payment of the allowance.

n/a

 

  • 6 Reduction of the allowance.

- State briefly under what conditions the allowance can be reduced.

n/a

 

  • 7 Tax system of the allowance and fringe benefits.
  1. Tax system.
    Is the allowance subject to tax?

    No
  2. Fringe benefits.
    Does the allowance offer fringe benefits?

    No

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