Campaigns and activities
In spite of the fact that UNCRPD is in force for Slovakia from 25 June 2010 the focal point was created only in March 2013 and independent mechanism for monitoring of UNCRPD implementation has still not been established. But the proposal of Act about commissioner for protection of fight of people with disabilities is in legislative process with proposed put in force from Jul 2015.The first report to the UN committee for rights of disabled persons was submitted in June 2012 and the National program for development of living conditions of people with disabilities which might be recognized as the action plan for implementation of the UNCRPD was approved by Government in January 2014.
The focal point was established on March 15, 2013 at the Ministry of Labour, social Affairs and Family. It has two employees. At all relevant ministries there were appointed one person serving as a secondary focal point.
The coordination is not sufficiently developed yet. The focal point coordinates secondary focal points at relevant ministries. Some coordination activities are provided by the Committee for Disabled persons which is an expert body of the Government Council for human rights, national minorities and gender equality.
The main tool for promoting UNCRPD is the National program for development of living conditions of people with disabilities for years 2014 – 2020 contains many tasks corresponding to the UNCRPD implementation.
There is still continuing discussion about main institution responsible.
The monitoring authority is not yet officially established. Some monitoring is done by the focal point, by the Slovak national centre for human rights and by the Committee for persons with disabilities (which is an expert body of the Government Council for human rights, national minorities and gender equality).
There is only one organization of visually impaired in the Slovak republic – Slovak Blind and Partially Sighted Union (UNSS – Unia nevidiacich a slabozrakych Slovenska). It is consulted by state and public authorities. It also participates through occasional projects and based on their own initiatives. There is no special support for those activities.
No special resources are available.
Yes, in June 2012
There is no special support for disability organisation to participate on monitoring. There is preparation work for the establishment of an independent institution for the promotion and protection of the rights of people with disabilities (the preparation of Act mentioned in the answer to the question no. 1 - like ombudsman).
The Independent mechanism, the Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities, was established through an Act in 2015 and office began functioning in 2016. Since this time the office has dealt with over 600 cases related wo a wide range of issues.
There seem to be few opportunities for disabled people to take part in monitoring of the Convention. The shadow report (2019) notes an absence of opportunities and the 2019 Concluding Observations note the: “absence of frameworks for meaningful participation of persons with disabilities through their representative organizations with respect to the development and implementation of legislation and policies concerning persons with disabilities”. Underpinning this, the committee recommends the adoption of a human rights approach, which appears to be missing in national policies.