Hungary - Article 7

Note: A glossary is available at the end of this document.

Preliminary issues

1.    In your country, is there, following legislative measures, a national register that systematically receives data and other useful information pertaining to all children and young persons with a visual impairment of 0-18 years of age (or a register operating according to different age criteria)?

not aware
1.1 If yes, what are the criteria, if any, related to degree of sight loss, age or other conditions related to vision, or any other preconditions for being admitted to the register?

1.2 If there is a register, but not based on legislative measures, what is the basis for the establishment and running of such a register?
Census – on base of self-declaration

2.    Please give:

2.1.     The number of children and young persons up to and including 18 years of age in your country with a visual disability.

At the time of the Census of 2011, the number of Visually Impaired persons of 0-19 years was 4679.

2.2.     The percentage compared with non-disabled children and young persons.

0.23%

2.3.     The percentage based on the number of inhabitants in your country.

0.047%

3. Please if possible indicate the specific numbers within the total amount indicated above with additional disabilities.
Deafblind people of 0-19 years: 185
Figures of other multiple disabilities are not available.

Section A. National Disability strategies

1.    Is there in your country according to legislative provisions an adopted national disability strategy?

Yes, Parliamentary Decision 15/2015 (IV.07.) on the National Disability Programme
(In accordance with the UNCRPD, and the European Disability Strategy 2010-2020: A Renewed Commitment to a Barrier-Free Europe /* COM/2010/0636 final *)

If a disability strategy is adopted based on other rules or decisions than legislation, please indicate these.

N/A

2.    Does your organization participate in preparing national disability strategies?

Yes.

3.    Are children and young persons included in such existing national disability strategies?

Yes

3.1.     If no: Is your organization striving to ensure that this is improved?

N/A

4.    Has there been any type of national conference or similar coordinated gathering with the goal of focusing on children and young persons with disabilities / specifically children and young persons with a visual impairment within the last five years?

Yes

4.1.     If yes, what was the theme for the conference held?

6th ECPVI (European Conference on Psychology and Visual Impairment) was held 11-12. November 2016 in Budapest.

One of the topics of the annual meeting of the Member Associations' Presidents of MVGYOSZ was the “Development of the Vocational Training of Blind Children”.

Section B. Support from the local part of society towards families with children with a visual impairment.

European countries are to a large extent heading towards an educational system in which all children and young persons have access to inclusive education taking place in mainstream schools and other inclusive social measures. Hence, it is required that the society must offer support to children and young persons with a visual disability as well as to their families.

1.    Is there in your country legislation or other requirements that ensures collaboration amongst social, health and educational authorities with a purpose to coordinate information and proper measures?

No. Each affairs, documents and/or benefits must be looked after separately.

2.    Is there specific legislation in your country that guarantees that families with children or young persons with disabilities / a visual impairment receive support from the national or local authorities?

Yes: Act III. of 1993 on Social Governance and Social Benefits

3.    What kind of support is in your country offered on a central and/or local level?

Increased Amount of Child Benefit (magasabb összegű családi pótlék):: every child is entitled for child benefit unless his or her studies are over, up to a maximum age of 20 years. An Increased Amount Child Benefit is due for a child with special educational needs until a maximum age of 23 years.

The beneficiary must be in need of special education, as per Act CXC of 2011 on National Public Education, referring to the Report of an Experts' Commission, according to which the child in question is classified into a special BNO (ICD) Category.

Care allowance

Income Tax Credit (Adókedvezmény): Anyone with severe visual disability is entitled for that, incl. one of the parents of a child with severe disability.

A person eligible for Disability Benefit is entitled also for Public Transportation Benefits.

Anyone having been granted Disability Benefit (Fogyatékossági támogatás), or having a Membership ID issued by MVGYOSZ is entitled to take advantages of Interurban Public Transportation Benefits (rail, suburban rail, bus, ferry) the rate of which is 90%. The same benefit (90% reduced fare) is due to the person accompanying him or her.

The rate of Local Public Transportation Benefit is 100%, both for the beneficiary and his or her guide.

3.1.     Are there national institutions that offer special competence and knowledge or other agencies that offer counselling and support to parents with children and young persons with a disability, including children and young persons with visual disabilities?

Yes:  Institution for Sight Assessment, Special Educational Counselling, Pre-development, Training and Care, as a Member of the Metropolitan Educational Institution (Fővárosi Pedagógiai Szakszolgálat Látásvizsgáló, Gyógypedagógiai Tanácsadó, Korai Fejlesztő, Oktató és Gondozó Tagintézmény.

Although a person under an age of 14 cannot be granted membership at MVGYOSZ, their parents often contact with MVGYOSZ or with one of its member associations, where they are provided information and counselling.

3.2.     If yes, where does the responsibility lie for running such facilities, taking the initiative making the first contact with the parents, gathering experience and knowledge etc., at national or local level?

It is the founders' responsibility to run such a facility.

It is the parents making the first contact to those bodies or facilities.

3.3.     Do these facilities also deal with / offer appropriate technical assistive devices?

Yes

3.4.     Who is responsible for updating knowledge and information?

The founders/operators.

4.    Are there coordinated private initiatives, where parents with children and young persons with disabilities / visual disabilities may obtain consultation and support (for example, advice, counselling, and assistive devices for pedagogical / educational purposes)?

Not aware

5.    Are there any magazines, newsletters or publications financed by public resources or private funding specifically for:

5.1.     Employees/personnel that work on a daily basis with children and/or young persons with a disability / with a visual  impairment

Not aware

5.2.     Children and young persons with a disability / visual  impairment

Not aware

5.3.     Parents to children and young persons with a disability / visual disability?

Not aware

6.    Are there any leisure activities available specially developed and adapted for children and/or young persons with visual disabilities?

Yes – At the Elementary School of the Blind

6.1.     If yes: who is responsible for maintenance and the management?

It is the Schools responsibility, from State budget.

7.    In your country, is there an arrangement either constituted by legal requirements or established on a voluntary basis, through which children and young persons with a disability / visual disability may have the right to:

7.1.     Sighted guides / company?

No

7.2.     Financial support?

No

7.3.     Transportation to leisure activities?

No

8. Are there formal or informal opportunities by which children and/or young persons with a visual impairment may meet / spend time together with their peers (children facing the same challenges) and meet mentors / role models?

Not aware

8.1.     If yes: who is responsible for running such meeting opportunities?

N/A

9.    Are there any formal or informal opportunities for children and young persons with a visual impairment to meet adults with a visual impairment in order to meet role models / mentors?

Not aware

9.1.     If yes, who is responsible for running such meeting opportunities?

N/A

10.     Are there any formal or informal arrangements by which parents of children and young persons with a visual impairment may meet other families in similar situations?

Not aware

Section C. Opportunities for children and young persons with a disability / visual impairment and their organizations to be consulted on issues that involve or concern them.

According to the UNCRPD, children and young persons with a disability are entitled to express their opinion / point of view regarding all issues pertaining to their lives and conditions.

1.    Is there any existing legislation in your country generally, or within the specific social, educational or the health area that ensures that children and young persons with a disability / a visual impairment have the opportunity / right to express their points of view pertaining to their specific situation or to general issues pertaining to disability policies?

Not aware

1.1.     If yes, please specify area and scope of such legislation.

n/al

2.    Do the national organizations of blind and partially sighted persons in your country have a functioning subdivision, wing or independent representative organization with specific focus on issues relating to children and young persons?

No

3.    Is there any formalized network or organization(s) of parents and relatives of children and young persons with a disability / visual impairment?

Not aware

4.    Are there formal or informal forum/opportunities for children, young persons with a visual impairment or their parents through representative bodies to express concerns or points of view on issues that affect them?

Not aware

Glossary

Blind: WHO has established precise criteria for the definition of this term. However, for all practical purposes, we suggest that the term means: Reduced sight to a degree where the person in question has so little residual sight that he/she cannot use vision to read, needs a white cane to undertake mobility and must use a screen reader to access information from the computer.

Children: According to the Convention of the Right of Children this means persons from age 0-18 years, but in this questionnaire the age limits are 0-12 years 

Visually impaired: Includes all persons with a severe  sight loss despite the degree (i.e. blind and partially sighted as defined above).

Local legislation / Authorities: Provisions / authorities that pertain to the specific regions / districts / municipalities.

Mentor: A peer or friend older of age with a visual impairment that may serve as an informal role model (non-professional).

National legislation / authorities: Legislation / authorities that cover the entire country.

Organisations for the blind: organizations / institutions / agencies the mission of which is to provide services or otherwise assist and improve the conditions for persons with a visual impairment.

Organisations of the blind: Representative organizations where the majority of the members and the leadership constitute of persons with a visual impairment.

Partially Sighted: WHO has set out specific criteria for this condition. However, for all practical purposes, we suggest that persons are considered partially sighted, if their vision lies in the area above blindness /see above) and under 1/3 (6/18) of normal sight.

Young persons: In this questionnaire persons of age from 12-18 years of age.