Employment rehabilitation and vocational training
1. Implementing standards for LOW VISION SERVICES in Europe. A toolkit with examples and references which will be useful when undertaking action nationally to promote and lobby for high level low vision services to be made available and accessible to everyone with sight loss in need of support, in doc and pdf formats.
2. A new report 'Erasmus+ Mobility of Students with Disability'
A State-of-the-art report on the accessibility of exchange programs for students with visual impairments jointly produced with ICEVI Europe which intends to obtain a clear picture of the possibilities and barriers of exchange programs for university students with visual impairments. Available in doc and pdf formats.
- Rehabilitation and older people with acquired sight loss
- Minimum standards for low vision services in Europe
- Political Positions Concerning the labour Market from Self-Help Organisations of Blind and Partially Sighted Persons in Europe
This page outlines the work and policies of EBU concerning employment and rehabilitation issues for blind and partially sighted people. This covers:
- General employment issues and further reading material
- The Hidden Majority. A series of studies of economic inactivity among blind and partially sighted people in 7 European countries, with a summary report in 8 languages, and a how-to manual in 14 languages.
General employment issues
Blind and partially sighted Europeans are undoubtedly among the most vulnerable and least visible members of society. For the most part they are at the bottom end of the earnings league.
Poverty and social exclusion are inextricably linked and are caused by a complex combination of factors. Poor education and housing, unemployment and inadequate social protection, inaccessible information, transport and the built environment, negative attitudes and prejudices in society are all factors that lead to exclusion.
Rehabilitation and vocational training are closely related to employment and a decent income. All blind and partially sighted people should have access to these services and EBU advocates minimum quality standards.
Rehabiliation and vocational training services differ from country to country. In some, these services are centralised, in others the services are offered locally in order to make them more accessible for all. Surveys show that women generally have less access to these services than men and that locally offered services increase the number of female participants in the rehabilitation programmes.
See also the EBU Job website, which offers details on the different range of jobs undertaken by blind and partially sighted people.
Further reading -
- The Hidden Majority reports below.
- Self-employment of the visually impaired in Europe: report of a survey by the EBU Commission on Rehabilitation, Vocational Training and Employment (word 340 Ko) (2010)
- The employment of blind and partially-sighted persons in Italy (word 130Ko): a challenging issue in a changing economy and society (2009)
- Results and recommendations of the EBU Questionnaire Survey on the education, vocational training and rehabilitation of blind and partially sighted women across the 27 EU Member States (word 275 Mo) in 2007.
See also the useful links page for further employment information.
The Hidden Majority (HM):
A series of studies (word) of economic inactivity among blind and partially sighted people in
- Austria and France (2012). A German summary of the Austrian report is also available.
- Poland (2011)
- The Netherlands (2010)
- Germany, Romania and Sweden (2008-2009)
The Summary Reports
A summary report (word) written in 2013 of the Hidden Majority studies in Sweden, Germany, Romania, Netherlands, Poland, France and Austria is now available. This report is now available in the languages of the countries covered (word): Swedish, German, Romanian, Dutch, Polish, French and also Spanish.
The HM 'How To' Manual
A "how to" manual (word)l was also developed to help the EBU members produce their own HM report. In order to further assist countries wishing to produce a HM report of their own, this document is now available in (word) Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Estonian, Finnish, Greek, Hungarian, Lithuanian, Portuguese, Slovak, Slovenian, and Spanish.