Equal access to national education, vocational training and lifelong learning systems
Educational settings - mainstream education
Education settings - special education
Collaboration between both systems
Teaching of compensatory skills made necessary by vision loss
Provision of accessible text books and other educational material
Provision of assistive technology
1. Equal access to:
1.1. National education system
1.2. National vocational training and lifelong learning systems
The Constitution of the Russian Federation (Federal Law on Education dated 10 July 1992) states that every one in Russia has equal rights and equal access to education.
2. Educational settings
2.1. Mainstream education (please specify what support measures if any)
2.1.4. Vocational training and lifelong learning
2.2. Special education
2.2.4. Vocational training and lifelong learning
2.3. Collaboration between both systems
2.3.4. Vocational training and lifelong learning
Blind and partially sighted children may follow their primary and secondary education, free of charge, in either mainstream governmental or special schools for the visually impaired, depending on their family's decision.
In both mainstream and special schools, the state guarantees the adaptation of programmes and facilities to meet the problems faced by these children.
All Russian citizens, including the visually impaired, have the right to, and may access all kinds of vocational training and lifelong learning. This is free of charge for the visually impaired.
People with disabilities have access to university education (free of charge) on an equal basis with other students. Some federal educational establishments allow blind applicants to receive education on a non-competitive basis. Blind people wishing to pursue post-university education have the right to get it free of charge as well.
Whether at schools, universities or in vocational training centers, visually impaired students are provided, free of charge or at a lower price, with all special training equipment to access educational materials in adapted formats (Article 3 Item 3 of the Federal Law on Education).
3. Teaching of compensatory skills made necessary by vision loss
3.1. Subjects (Braille, computer, daily-living skills, mobility, etc.)
3.2. Training and certificates for visually impaired teachers (Braille, computer, daily-living skills, mobility, etc.)
3.3. Training and certificates for visually impaired students (Braille, computer, daily-living skills, mobility, etc.)
Teaching of compensatory skills made necessary by vision loss is provided in schools (for children) and in rehabilitation centers (adults).
4. Provision of accessible text books and other educational material
4.1. Provision of the basic documents
4.2. Adaptation and transcription of the documents
In real practice, accessible text books and other educational material are provided by libraries for the blind and by several VOS Publication Centers (e.g LOGOS Publication Center of VOS, Moscow).
(The Federal Law -Article 5 Item 6- provides that the state should guarantee the rights of people with disabilities to education, correction and adaptation of their abilities on the basis of pedagogical science and special correction.)
5. Provision of assistive technology
5.4. Vocational training and lifelong learning
This is not provided for by the Federal Law.