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Allowance for disabled person in working life is paid monthly to a person with disability from 16 years of age to pensionable age (65) for the compensation of additional costs caused by the disability for the person with moderate disability (16,62 €) and for the person with profound disability (53,70 €) per month.
Estonia is about to begin the working ability reform, which will create a new performance of the working ability support system. The aim of the amendments is to change attitudes towards people with reduced working ability and to help them find and keep a job. This means that the ability to work of disabled people will be evaluated. Those who have partial ability to work will get 182 euros per month. And to get the money they have to be active, either to study or find a job. Those who have no ability to work will get 320 euros a month.
People with reduced working ability are paid are working ability allowance. The working ability allowance will also be paid to people earning an average salary. From this amount, the allowance will gradually decline, and it will no longer be paid, if the person's income reaches 1,397.25 €. In case of deficient working ability, the allowance lapses when the person earns 1687.50 € per month.
- What is the amount of the allowance given to people with no other income, state briefly how the allowance varies according to other income or resources.
There are several classes of social benefits (disability allowance) for disabled persons and they are calculated on the basis of the rate of social benefits. The rate of social benefits is 25,57 €. The amount of allowance for the person with moderate disability is 16,62 € and for the person with profound disability is 53,70 €.
- In order to compare the situation in different EBU member states, please indicate the minimum wage (if this exists in your country) for a full-time worker, and what is considered to be “the poverty line”.
In Estonia the minimum wage is 390 € Net. In 2016, the subsistence limit is 130 euros a month for a person living alone or firstborn member of a family and 104 euros for the second and each succeeding member of a family (130 euros for every underage family member).
- What are the organisations which calculate and attribute the allowance?
The Estonian Social Insurance Board calculates and attributes disability allowance.
Specify by giving details of the following aspects:
Permanent incapacity for work is injury or illness pertaining to work, profession, service, nuclear accident, traffic accident or as a result of violent crime. Permanent incapacity for work is divided into:
Pension for incapacity for work is a type of state pension.
The following persons have the right to receive pension for incapacity for work:
- permanent residents of Estonia;
- aliens residing in Estonia on the basis of temporary residence permits or temporary right of residence.
Persons of at least 16 years of age who are declared permanently incapacitated for work with the 40 to 100 per cent loss of the capacity for work, and who have earned a following pension qualifying period in Estonia by the commencement date of establishment of permanent incapacity for work:
Age Required pension qualifying period
16-24 years No requirement for length of service
25-26 years 1 year
27-28 years 2 years
29-30 years 3 years
3I-32 years 4 years
33-35 years 5 years
36-38 years 6 years
39-41 years 7 years
42-44 years 8 years
45-47 years 9 years
48-50 years 10 years
51-53 years 11 years
54-56 years 12 years
57-59 years 13 years
60-62 years 14 years
If the reason for the permanent incapacity for work is a work injury or occupational disease, pension for incapacity for work shall be granted with no requirement for length of service.
For the persons declared permanently incapacitated for work, pension for incapacity for work shall be granted for the entire period of incapacity for work but not for longer than until attaining pensionable age (65).
The base amount is 153 euros per month.
- Who attributes the allowance: State, local government, others, give details.
Permanent incapacity for work is certified by the expert commission or expert doctor of the Social Insurance Board.
The expertise shall be performed on the basis of presented documents, and the resolution shall be prepared in relation to the results. The expert commission shall present the resolution to the applicant for expertise together with practical justification and send a copy of the resolution to the family doctor.
In case of disagreement with the resolution it is possible to address the arbitration committee under the Social Insurance Board, which shall organize additional expertise. In case of permanent incapacity for work the person is paid incapacity pension.