Braille Promotion

EBU promotes braille and braille literacy as essential tools for the autonomy of blind and partially sighted individuals. In 2019, we produced a Focus newsletter on the importance of Braille, also available in French, German and Spanish. We also carried out an activity to collect good practice in the area of Braille teaching as well as evidence of the importance of Braille literacy.

You will also find below important information on Accessible Pharmaceutical labelling, and on the annual Onkyo World Braille Essay Contest.

We would also like to make you aware of a podcast on all things braille; Braillecast -  connecting the dots, from a dedicated team of blind professionals from the UK passionate about the value of braille to transform lives. (03/05/2021)

Braille Teaching and Literacy

Over 2016 and 2017, an EBU expert group looked into the importance of Braille literacy and current barriers (technical, financial, psychological, etc.) to its development, in particular for young persons.

In 2016, the expert group collected data on Nordic countries through a desk study, a survey and a workshop. In 2017, the expert group broadened the scope of the study with a view to collecting and compiling knowledge, applied practices and experience on braille training and production of teaching materials in the field of braille usage. A questionnaire was therefore circulated in Austria, Estonia, France and Italy and fact-finding visits to experts in the same countries were carried out.

All the above resulted in a final report detailing the results of the above mentioned survery and fact-finding visits. The report includes examples of good practice in the teaching and use of Braille and a series of multi-faceted recommendations resulting from the surveys and work over the two years.

This activity was led by EBU’s member in Denmark, DAB (Danish Association of the Blind).

Accessible Pharmaceutical Labelling

(latest update 1/2019) The European Blind Union has worked across its member states and with the pharmaceutical and packaging industries, alongside its involvement with the CEN standard development for braille on packaging and leaflets, and has developed a range of information to help the industry to comply with EU Directive 2004/27/EC.

  • After more than 4 years of deliberation and negotiation, during 2010 a European standard was adopted for braille on medicinal packing. This means that the industries involved have more specified values and procedures to follow when providing information in braille on the outer packaging. This will include the name, strength and in some cases, the form of the medicine.
  • Another outcome of the standardization process is a piece of scientific research undertaken by the University of Birmingham (UK) and sponsored by blindness agencies and the pharma-packaging industry. The findings contributed to the requirements included in the standard. The research investigates the correlation between the height of braille dots and the readability of the information by braille users. The dependence between the height of dots and the degree of security with which the braille user could identify the product is described in a robust and useful way, as is the effect of braille on the readability of underlying printed information for sighted people.
    The full research report is available online in pdf format.
  • PHARMABRAILLE. Another outcome of the standardization work also worth noting is the establishment of a braille symbol database. The pharmabraille website  contains a wealth of useful information about braille of primary relevance for the pharmaceutical industry. They need the information to ensure that the signs placed on the packs are correct, and hence useful for the full intelligibility of the information in all European countries.

The database includes an EBU recommended braille character set and a list of countries who have agreed to use it for pharmaceutical packaging, together with EBU guidance for presenting common abbreviations, numbers and so on. Furthermore, as these guidelines are not mandatory for the member countries, the specific literary braille code in the various European countries can also be found in the database. All of the tables and the braille information on this website are given in graphical formats but also in formats that are fully accessible for braille readers/users with a visual impairment.

Through an annual subscription fee, organizations gain access to crucial information to make the braille on medicine packaging fully usable in your country. Free subscriptions are available to non-profit organizations in the vo

Blindness agencies: The tables are not fully complete due to a lack of full responses from a number of countries. For this reason, we are urging all the braille authorities or organizations of the blind in each country firstly to check the website for the EBU recommended code, guidelines, their own country codes, and their position on acceptance of the EBU code and guidelines, and to notify us of amendments. Secondly, to help us keep the database up-to-date, we would value your help by checking the database on an ongoing basis, e.g. every six months, and informing us of any changes in your national braille code. In both cases, please notify us by email at

Pharmaceutical companies: If you have questions about the presentation of braille which are not yet addressed by the EBU guidance, please email us with examples, and we'll do our best to provide guidance through consultation with our experts, and update the guidance with similar examples. Please email us at

We aim to have the most updated information across Europe on existing literary braille as possible. Updates will be notified to all registered users of the site, and each page will specify the date of the last update.

Onkyo World Braille Essay Contest

Results of the 2020 Onkyo World Braille Essay Contest

The European strand of the Contest was once again run by EBU.
The winners were selected from a total of 45 participants from 16 countries

The authors of the winning essays receive prizes made available by Onkyo and Braille Mainichi.

Prize winners.

The First Prize winner is from Spain, María Jesús Cañamares Muñoz, who wrote a topical essay entitled 'Braille and Lockdown'.


First prize winner María Jesús Cañamares Muñoz
"I am extremely happy to share with you this wonderful experience of winning the first prize of the 2020 EBU ONKYO Braille Essay Contest. I am deafblind with cochlear implants and even so, I use Braille for everything.
Due to COVID-19 and the experience of the lockdown for three months, I faced the contest with an authentic and real story, telling what I was feeling at that time and what Braille meant for me, because indeed, I disconnected from my computer and mobile almost completely. I read, read on paper, in Braille, all those books, letters and papers I had been keeping in my closet for years. And I prayed the rosary, why not? Asking for getting out of this terrible nightmare! We have not left it yet, but I am sure that Louis Braille enlightened me the day I decided to capture my feelings during the confinement in the story that I submited.
Thank you my dear Louis for everything you have given me!"

The winning essays are available in .doc format by clicking on the links in the following list;

Otsuki First Prize:

Braille and Lockdown by María Jesús Cañamares Muñoz (Spain)

Excellent Works Prize:

Senior Category: Viorel Serban, (Romania), The Moment That Changes The Course of Life

Junior Category: Amir Gumerov (Russia), Braille and Music

Fine Works Prize:

Senior Category:

Junior Category: